Articles via Databases
Articles via Journals
Online Catalog
E-books
Research & Information Literacy
Interlibrary loan
Theses & Dissertations
Collections
Policies
Services
About / Contact Us
Administration
Littman Architecture Library

The New Jersey Institute of Technology's
Electronic Theses & Dissertations Project

Title: The effects of periodic and non-periodic inputs on the dynamics of a medial entorhinal cortex layer II stellate cell model
Author: Kim, Dongwook
View Online: njit-etd2011-089
(xix, 118 pages ~ 6.3 MB pdf)
Department: Department of Mathematical Sciences
Degree: Doctor of Philosophy
Program: Mathematical Sciences
Document Type: Dissertation
Advisory Committee: Rotstein, Horacio G. (Committee chair)
Nadim, Farzan (Committee member)
Golowasch, Jorge P. (Committee member)
Matveev, Victor Victorovich (Committee member)
Santhakumar, Vijayalakshmi (Committee member)
Date: 2011-08
Keywords: Stellate cell model
Resonance
Theta rhythm
Power spectrum density
Availability: Unrestricted
Abstract:

Various neuron types exhibit sub-threshold and firing frequency resonance in which the sub-threshold membrane potential or firing frequency responses to periodic inputs peak at a preferred frequency (or frequencies). Previous experimental work has shown that medial entorhinal cortex layer II stellate cells (SCs) exhibit sub-threshold and firing frequency resonance in the theta frequency band (4 - 10 Hz). In this thesis we seek to understand the biophysical and dynamic mechanism underlying these phenomena and how they are related. We studied the effects of sinusoidal current and synaptic conductance inputs at various frequencies, with and without noise, on the supra-threshold dynamics of a SC model. For current inputs, our results show that while the SC model exhibits a single frequency preference peak (in the theta frequency band) for low sinusoidal input levels, it exhibits three preferred frequency peaks for larger input levels. These additional peaks occur at frequencies that are roughly a multiple of the "theta" one. For synaptic conductance inputs, we observe an additional peak in the signal gain which occurs at a much higher frequency (in the high gamma frequency band). These findings depart from the linear prediction. The corresponding linearized model does not exhibit three preferred frequency peaks for current inputs and a much higher frequency for conductance inputs under the same conditions (such as parameters, noise, amplitude of inputs and maximal synaptic conductance) in the nonlinear model.

Previous experimental work has shown high-frequency Poisson-distributed trains of combined excitatory and inhibitory conductance- and current-based synaptic inputs reduce amplitude of subthreshold oscillations of SCs. The second goal of this thesis is to investigate the mechanism underlying these phenomena in the context of the model. More specially, we studied the effects of both conductance- and current-based synaptic inputs at various maximal conductance values on a SC model. Our numerical simulations show that conductance-based synaptic inputs reduce the amplitude of SC's subthreshold oscillations for low enough value of the maximal synaptic conductance value but amplify these oscillations at a higher range. These results are in contrast to the experimental results.


If you have any questions please contact the ETD Team, libetd@njit.edu.

 
Browse ETDs by Adviser
Browse ETDs by Author
Browse ETDs by Program
Browse ETDs by Title
Browse ETDs by Year
ETD Policies & Procedures
ETD FAQ's
ETD home

Request a Scan
NDLTD

NJIT's ETD project was given an ACRL/NJ Technology Innovation Honorable Mention Award in spring 2003